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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Myrmechis

4. Myrmechis urceolata Tang & K. Y. Lang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 34: 638. 1996.

宽瓣全唇兰 kuan ban quan chun lan

Plants 5-9 cm tall. Rhizome creeping. Stem stout, subfleshy, 5-7-leaved. Leaves widely spaced along stem, abaxially pale green, tinged with reddish purple, adaxially green, ovate, 7-12 × 6-8 mm, base obtuse-rounded, apex acute; petiole-like base and sheath 2-5 mm. Inflorescence ca. 1 cm, pubescent; rachis 1-3-flowered; floral bracts ovate-triangular, 4-5 × 3-4 mm, abaxially pubescent, margin ciliate, apex acute. Flowers not fully opening, white or pink; ovary and pedicel slightly arching, cylindric-fusiform, sparsely pubescent, 6-7 mm. Sepals free, oblong-ovate, outer surface sparsely pubescent, 1-veined; dorsal sepal cymbiform, 5-6 × ca. 3 mm, apex narrowly attenuate, obtuse; lateral sepals 6-7 × 3.5-4 mm, apex narrowly attenuate, obtuse. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal and forming a hood though apiculate apex free, broadly urceolate, not oblique (margins equal), 5-6 × ca. 3.5 mm, 1-veined, apex abruptly narrowed into an apiculate, oblong tip ca. 1 mm; lip Y-shaped, cymbiform, 7-8 mm, 3-partite; hypochile slightly dilated, concave-saccate; calli transversely elliptic, entire, apex obtuse; mesochile short, conduplicate, glabrous; epichile distinctly 2-lobed; lobes divergent, oblong, ca. 2 × 1 mm. Fl. May-Jul.

● Shaded humid places in forests; 500-600 m. N and W Guangdong, C and S Hainan, SE Yunnan.


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