4. Neottianthe ovata K. Y. Lang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 35: 542. 1997.
卵叶兜被兰 luan ye dou bei lan
Plants 6-10 cm tall. Tubers subglobose, ca. 10 mm. Stem erect, with 1 or 2 tubular sheaths at base, 1-leaved. Leaf basal, ovate or broadly ovate, 1.2-1.6 × 1-1.2 cm, base rounded or broadly cuneate, apex acute. Peduncle with 1 small sterile bract; rachis 2-4 cm, subdensely 4-8-flowered; floral bracts lanceolate, 4-6 mm, apex acuminate, basal one ca. as long as ovary. Flowers secund, pale purple or pink; ovary and pedicel slightly arcuate, 4-6 mm. Sepals connivent and forming a hood; hood ca. 6 × 4 mm; dorsal sepal oblong, concave, ca. 6 × 1.6 mm, 1-3-veined, apex obtuse; lateral sepals oblong, ca. 6 × 1.6 mm, 2-veined, apex obtuse. Petals appressed to dorsal sepal, linear, ca. 5.5 × 0.7 mm, 1-veined, apex subobtuse; lip spreading, oblong-ovate, ca. 6 × 3 mm, base cuneate, 3-lobed near middle; lateral lobes linear-lanceolate, ca. 2.5 × 0.4 mm, 1-veined, apex acuminate; mid-lobe oblong, ca. 3.5 × 1 mm, 3-veined, apex subobtuse or rarely notched; spur pendulous, slightly curved forward, conic, ca. 3 mm, stout, ca. 1.5 mm in diam. at base, slightly attenuate, apex obtuse. Fl. Sep.
● Alpine Pinus forests, shrubby slopes; 2400-3300 m. W Sichuan.
In the protologue, the specimen Qinghai-Xizang Exped. 13979 (PE) was indicated as "holotype" and P. C. Li 207 (PE) was indicated as a "type." The latter is interpreted as a paratype.