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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Phyllanthus

21. Phyllanthus myrtifolius (Wight) Müller Argoviensis in A. Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 396. 1866.

瘤腺叶下珠 liu xian ye xia zhu

Macraea myrtifolia Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: 27. 1852; Phyllanthus myrtifolius Moon ex J. D. Hooker.

Shrubs ca. 0.5(-3) m tall; branches terete, upper parts puberulent; branchlets wing-angled, angles scabridulous or hispidulous. Stipules small, ovate, 0.5-0.7 mm; petiole 0.7-1.7 mm; leaf blade oblanceolate, (10-)12-16(-25) × (2-)3.5- 4.5(-8) mm, leathery, glabrous, base shallowly cordate, apex acute or obtuse; lateral veins numerous, subhorizontally spreading. Plants monoecious. Inflorescence an axillary several-flowered fascicle; pedicels filamentous, unequal, 3-5 mm. Male flowers ca. 3 mm in diam.; sepals 5, oblong; disk glands 5, orbicular; stamens 3; filaments connate at middle part to base. Female flowers: pedicel 6-8 mm; sepals 6, 0.8-1 × 0.3-0.5 mm; disk cup-shaped, entire; ovary globose, 3-celled; styles 3, short, bifid at apex, recurved. Capsules oblate, ca. 2 × 3 mm, glabrous, valves crustaceous. Seed 3-angled, 1.7-2 mm, brown, reticulate-striped. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Aug-Nov.

Cultivated for medicine. S Guangdong, Hainan (Haikou, Wanning), Taiwan (Taibei) [native to Sri Lanka].


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