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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Nyctaginaceae | Pisonia

3. Pisonia umbellifera (J. R. Forster & G. Forster) Seemann, Bonplandia. 10: 154. 1862.

胶果木 jiao guo mu

Ceodes umbellifera J. R. Forster & G. Forster, Char. Gen. Pl. 71. 1775; Calpidia excelsa (Blume) Heimerl; Pisonia alba Spanoghe; P. excelsa Blume.

Trees 4-20(-28) m, tomentose or glabrous; branches unarmed. Petiole 1-2.5 cm; leaf blade black-brown when dry, elliptic, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate, 10-20 × 4.5-8 cm, papery, glabrous, lateral veins 8-10 pairs, base broad cuneate, apex acuminate or slightly obtuse. Cymes terminal, paniculate, 5-12 cm. Flowers polygamous. Pedicel 1.5-6 mm, with 1-3 bracteoles near base. Perianth tube white, campanulate, 5-7 mm, with brown hairs, apex 5-lobed. Stamens 7-10, slightly exserted; filaments unequal, base united in a ring; anthers subglobose. Ovary oblong, upper acuminate. Style slender; stigma fimbriate, slightly exserted. Fruit subterete, slightly curved, 2.5-4 cm × 6-7 mm, 5-ribbed, smooth, glutinous; carpopodium thick, ca. 1 cm, with spreading persistent perianth at apex. Fl. and fr. autumn-winter.

Moist thickets, open forests;; low to medium elevations. Hainan, S Taiwan [India (Andaman Islands), Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Madagascar, Pacific Islands (Hawaii)].


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