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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Sarcophyton

1. Sarcophyton taiwanianum (Hayata) Garay, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 202. 1972.

肉兰 rou lan

Sarcanthus taiwanianus Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 337. 1911; Acampe hayatae Szlachetko; Cleisostoma taiwanianum (Hayata) Hayata; Saccolabium taiwanianum (Hayata) Tang & F. T. Wang.

Stem 25-100 cm. Leaves many, distichous; leaf blade lorate, 20-35 × 3-4.5 cm, leathery, ± unequally obtusely bilobed; basal sheaths long, amplexicaul. Inflorescences often several, ascending, racemose, shorter than leaves, many flowered; rachis rather fleshy; floral bracts subtriangular, 4-5 mm. Flowers slightly fragrant, yellowish green, adaxially with purplish brown transverse stripes or spots, slightly fleshy; pedicel and ovary 1-1.5 cm. Sepals obovate-oblong to obovate, ca. 10 × 5 mm, obtuse; lateral sepals slightly oblique. Petals ± falcate-elliptic, ca. as long as sepals but narrower, obtuse-rounded; lip with a short spur at base, slightly 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe recurved, nearly suborbicular; disk with 2 calli at entrance of spur. Column short. Fl. Apr.

● Epiphytic on tree trunks in forests or on cliffs along valleys; 200-800 m. S Taiwan.


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