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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Sauropus

7. Sauropus macranthus Hasskarl, Retzia. 1: 166. 1855.

长梗守宫木 chang geng shou gong mu

Aalius macrantha (Hasskarl) Kuntze; A. macrophylla (J. D. Hooker) Kuntze; Sauropus grandifolius Pax & K. Hoffmann; S. grandifolius var. tonkinensis Beille; S. longipedicellatus Merrill & Chun; S. macrophyllus J. D. Hooker.

Shrubs 3-4 m tall, erect, monoecious, glabrous throughout; branchlets angular. Stipules subulate-lanceolate, 3-6 mm, gray-brown; petiole 2.5-7 mm; leaf blade ovate-oblong, ovate-elliptic, or elliptic-lanceolate, 4-20 × 3.5-8 cm, papery, conspicuously white-margined, base cuneate to rounded, apex shortly acuminate; venation pinnate, lateral veins 6-10 pairs, nearly flattened. Inflorescence axillary, 1-flowered or several male and female per cluster. Male flowers: pedicels 2-6.5 mm; calyx discoid, 3.5-4.5 mm in diam., shallowly 6-8-fid, with red stripes; sepals narrowly triangular; disk segments 6-8, opposite sepals. Female flowers solitary or several and male mixed in axillary cluster; pedicels 2-6 cm; calyx yellow-green, 6-lobed; sepals slightly thick, biseriate, outer obovate or subspatulate, ovate-elliptic, 6-7 × 3-4 mm, inner shorter, obovate, ca. 5 mm, with purple stripes; disk absent; pistil depressed globose, ca. 2 × 2.7 mm, 3-locular; styles 3, bifid at apex, arms recurved. Fruiting pedicel 9-13 cm; persistent sepals obovate, hooked, ca. 1 cm; capsules subglobose or depressed globose, lobed, ca. 1.5 × 1.5-2.5 cm, red or red-brown, styles persistent at apex. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Aug-Dec.

Broad-leaved forests, valley scrub; 500-1500 m. Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan [NE India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; N Australia].


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