7. Trifolium campestre Schreber in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abt. 1, Band 4, Heft 16. 1804.
草原车轴草 cao yuan che zhou cao
Annual herbs, pubescent to glabrescent. Stems erect, ascending, or prostrate. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate; stipules ovate to oblong, 5-8 mm, adnate to petiole for 1/2 their length, apex acuminate; petioles shorter than or equal to leaflets; lateral leaflets sessile, terminal petiolule 3-7 mm; leaflets obovate to oblong-elliptic, 8-16 × 4-8 mm, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, base cuneate, margins entire proximally, serrate distally, apex rounded to emarginate. Flowers 20-40, imbricate in globose or cylindric racemes, 8-13 × 7-10 mm; peduncle 1-3 cm; involucre and bracts absent; pedicels 1-1.8 mm, reflexed after anthesis. Calyx white, 2-2.8 mm, membranous, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, veins 5. Corolla yellow, turning brown, (3-)5-6 mm; standard broadly spatulate, striate, apex emarginate. Legume long ovoid, ca. 3 mm; stipe ca. 1 mm. Seed 1, brown, convex-ovoid, ca. 1 mm. Fl. and fr. Feb-Apr.
Cultivated, escaped, and naturalized; roadsides, grasslands, disturbed areas. Hebei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi [native to N Africa, SW Asia, and Europe].