25. Vicia kulingana L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 33. 1920.
牯岭野豌豆 gu ling ye wan dou
Herbs perennial, 50-90 cm tall. Stem erect. Leaves paripinnate, 2-3.5 cm; stipules semihastate or lanceolate, 8-13 × 3-5 mm, margin toothed; leaflets 2- or 3(-5)-paired, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 40-85 × 15-35 mm, both surfaces puberulent, apex often acuminate, mucronate; lateral veins 5-8-paired, extending to margin; tendril absent, replaced by a mucro. Raceme unbranched, 2-5 cm, subequaling or longer than leaf, 5-18-flowered; pedicels ca. 1.5 mm; bracts persistent at base of pedicels. Flowers ca. 15 mm. Calyx obliquely campanulate. Corolla purple-red, purple, or blue; standard violin-shaped or suboblong, subequaling wings and longer than keel. Ovary long stalked, linear; ovules ca. 5. Legume oblong, 40-50 × 7-8 mm, both ends acuminate. Seeds 1-4. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Jun-Sep. 2n = 14*.
● Bamboo thickets, valleys, grassy places, damp banks, wet places, sandy land; 200-1200 m. Henan, Hunan, Jiangxi, ?Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang.
The inclusion of Liaoning in the distribution is based on a specimen from "Ts’ienshan: Fengtien," which may refer to Fengtian, an old name for Liaoning province or a prefecture that included Shenyang city.
"Vicia edentata" (W. T. Wang & Tang, Ill. Treatm. Princ. Pl. China (Leguminosae), 607. 1955) belongs here but was not validly published because no Latin description or diagnosis was provided (Vienna Code, Art. 36.1).
Vicia fauriei Franchet (Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, sér. 7, 10: 139. 1886, "fauriae"; Orobus fauriei (Franchet) Stankevicz; V. venosa (Willdenow ex Link) Maximowicz var. fauriei (Franchet) Okuyama), described from N Japan, somewhat resembles V. kulingana in having leaflets 2- or 3-paired and bracts persistent at the base of the pedicels.