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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Viscaceae | Viscum

11. Viscum diospyrosicola Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 5: 192. 1915.

柿寄生 shi ji sheng

Viscum filipendulum Hayata.

Subshrubs monoecious, usually becoming pendulous, yellowish green, 20-50 cm tall. Branches opposite and decussate or dichotomous, subterete, branchlets flattened; internodes 1.5-2.5(-3.5) cm × 2-2.5 mm, longitudinally 2-3-ridged. Leaves scale-like or 2-3 pairs in seedling, elliptic or oblong-ovate, 1-2 × 0.3-0.6 cm, 3-veined, base cuneate, apex obtuse. Inflorescences axillary, cymes solitary or to 3 together; peduncle ± absent; 3-flowered, central flower female; lateral 2 flowers male, usually only 1 female or male flower; involucre navicular, 1-1.5 mm. Male flowers ovoid in bud, 1-1.5 mm. Anthers circular. Female flower ellipsoid in bud, 1.5-2 mm; bract annular or absent; perianth lobes 4, triangular, ca. 0.5 mm. Stigma nipple-shaped. Berry yellow or orange, ellipsoid or ovoid, 4-5 × 3-4 mm, smooth, base rounded. Fl. and fr. Apr-Dec.

* Forests, plains, mountain slopes, valleys; 100-2100 m. Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang (Zayü), Yunnan, Zhejiang.

The plants have medicinal uses and are parasitic on Cinnamomum camphora, Diospyros kaki, Pyrus pyrifolia, Vernicia fordii, V. montana, and species of Fagaceae.

Viscum angulatum Heyne ex Candolle does not occur within the Flora area, and the records from Taiwan are based on misidentifications of V. diospyrosicola.


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