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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Arecaceae | Wallichia

2. Wallichia oblongifolia Griffith, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 486. 1845.

密花瓦理棕 mi hua wa li zong

Harina densiflora (Martius) Walpers; H. oblongifolia (Griffith) Griffith; Wallichia densiflora Martius.

Stems clustered, short and subterranean or to 1 m tall, to 40 cm in diam. Leaves spirally arranged; petioles to 2 m; rachis 1.5-2.5 m; pinnae 16 or 17 per side of rachis, ± oblong, with several lobes, regularly and alternately arranged, spreading in same plane, proximal 2 or 3 pinnae in a cluster, smallest erect; middle pinnae 45-56 × 7-12 cm, widest near apex. Inflorescences unisexual, male and female borne on separate stems; male inflorescences pendulous, not seen in their entirety; rachillae many, at least to 12 cm; male flowers 7-10 mm; stamens 6; female inflorescences to 1 m, horizontally spreading; rachillae 16-32, to 35 cm; female flowers to 6 mm. Fruits greenish brown to reddish, ovoid to ellipsoid, to 1.5 × 0.8 cm.

Lowland or montane rain forests, especially in rocky places on steep slopes; 200-1200 m. Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal].

The leaves are used for thatching and making brooms.


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