1. Cyrtosia javanica Blume, Bijdr. 396. 1825.
肉果兰 rou guo lan
Galeola javanica (Blume) Bentham & J. D. Hooker.
Plants small, ca. 10 cm tall. Tuberlike roots tufted, cylindric or clavate, 5-8 cm, stout, 8-12 mm in diam., thick, fleshy. Stems 1-3 arising from 1 rhizome, erect, 6-8 cm tall, with imbricate scales at nodes; scales alternate, yellowish brown, turning dark brown with age, elliptic-ovate, cymbiform or with subspherical base, glabrous. Inflorescence racemose, 5-8-flowered; floral bracts subtriangular, small; pedicel and ovary 1-1.5 cm, mealy-pubescent. Flowers not fully opening, yellowish brown, fleshy. Sepals mealy-pubescent abaxially; dorsal sepal oblong, ca. 16 × 8 mm, slightly concave; lateral sepals broadly ovate, ca. 16 × 9 mm. Petals oblong, ca. 15 × 7 mm, thinly textured; lip adnate to base of column, yellowish at base, whitish near apex, suborbicular, with thickened disk and spongy limb. Column clavate, ca. 8 mm, winged at apex; wing erose-dentate at apex. Fruit sausage-shaped, ca. 5 cm, indehiscent. Fl. May-Jun.
Bamboo forests. C Taiwan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].