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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Aquifoliaceae | Ilex

79. Ilex integra Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14. 168. 1784.

全缘冬青 quan yuan dong qing

Ilex asiatica Sprengel (1824), nom. illeg. superfl., not Lin naeus (1753); ?I. integra var. leucoclada Maximowicz; ?I. leucoclada (Maximowicz) Makino; I. othera Sprengel; Othera japonica Thunberg; Prinos integer Hooker & Arnott; Winterlia integra (Thunberg) K. Koch.

Trees evergreen, small, ca. 5.5 m tall; bark gray-white. Branchlets brown, robust, longitudinally rugose-plicate; lenticels raised, elliptic; leaf scars slightly raised, subcircular, glabrous; terminal buds ovoid-conical; axillary buds ovoid, glabrous. Petiole 1-1.5 cm, glabrous, abaxially subrounded, rugose, adaxially longitudinally sulcate, distal half narrowly winged by decurrent leaf base; leaf blade abaxially greenish, adaxially deep green, obovate or obovate-elliptic, rarely oblanceolate, 3.5-8 × 1.5-4.5 cm, thickly leathery, both surfaces glabrous, midvein flat or slightly impressed adaxially, lateral veins 6-9 pairs, furcate and anastomosing near margin, raised abaxially, evident or indistinct adaxially, reticulate veins slightly evident abaxially, indistinct adaxially, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse-rounded, with short broad acumen. Inflorescences: cymes, fasciculate, axillary on current year’s branchlets; basal bud scales numerous, ovate, leathery. Male inflorescences: cymes of order 2, 3-flowered; peduncles very short; pedicels 3-5 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 2, subbasal, ovate, 1-1.5 mm, ciliate; flowers 4-merous; calyx patelliform, ca. 3 mm in diam., deeply 4-lobed, lobes ovate, 1-1.5 mm, glabrous, not ciliate; corolla rotate, ca. 7 mm in diam., petals oblong-elliptic, ca. 3.5 × 2 mm; stamens ca. as long as petals, anthers ovoid-oblong; rudimentary ovary subglobose, apex obtuse. Female flowers not known. Infructescences: 1-fruited cymes, fasciculate, fascicles 1-3-fruited; fruiting pedicels 5-10 mm, glabrous; bracts 2, basal. Fruit red, globose, 1-1.2 cm in diam.; persistent calyx explanate, suborbicular, shallowly lobed; lobes orbicular, glabrous, not ciliate; persistent stigma discoid, center retuse, 4-lobed; pyrenes 4, broadly ellipsoidal, ca. 7 mm, ca. 4 mm in diam., abaxially irregularly rugose, pitted, striate, laterally longitudinally striate and pitted, endocarp subwoody. Fl. Apr, fr. Jul-Oct.

Hills along seashores; ca. 200 m to high elevations. Taiwan (Lan Yu), Zhejiang (Putuo) [Japan, Korea].


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