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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Tephroseris

12. Tephroseris kirilowii (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 429. 1977.

狗舌草 gou she cao

Senecio kirilowii Turczaninow ex Candolle, Prodr. 6: 361. 1838; S. amurensis Schischkin; S. aurantiacus (Hoppe ex Willdenow) Lessing var. spathulatus Miquel; S. campestris (Retzius) Candolle var. tomentosus Franchet; S. integrifolius (Linnaeus) Clairville subsp. kirilowii (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Kitagawa; S. integrifolius var. spathulatus (Miquel) H. Hara; ?S. spathulifolius Turczaninow; S. tashiroi Hayata; Tephroseris integrifolia (Linnaeus) Holub subsp. kirilowii (Turczaninow ex Candolle) B. Nordenstam.

Herbs, rhizomatous. Stems solitary or rarely 2 or 3, erect, subscapiform, 20-60 cm tall, densely white arachnoid, sometimes ± glabrescent. Radical leaves several, present at anthesis, rosulate, shortly petiolate; blade oblong or ovate-oblong, 5-10 × 1.5-2.5 cm, both surfaces densely to sparsely white arachnoid-tomentose, base cuneate to gradually attenuate into narrowly to broadly winged petiole, margin irregularly mucronulate-dentate or subentire, apex obtuse. Stem leaves few, progressively smaller upward; lower leaves sessile, oblanceolate or oblanceolate-oblong, 4-8 × 0.5-1.5 cm, base subamplexicaul, apex obtuse to acute; upper leaves small, bractlike, lanceolate, apically acute. Capitula 1.5-2 cm in diam., 3-11 arranged in ± umbelliform terminal corymbs; peduncles 1.5-5 cm, densely arachnoid-tomentose, ± glandular with fulvous hairs, basally bracteate, not bracteolate. Involucres subcylindric-campanulate, 6-8 × 6-9 mm, not calyculate; phyllaries 18-20, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 1-1.5 mm wide, herbaceous, with narrow membranous margin, densely to sometimes sparsely arachnoid, sometimes ± glabrescent, apically acuminate or acute, and green or purplish. Ray florets 13-15; corolla tube 3-3.5 mm; lamina yellow, oblong, 6.5-7 × 2.5-3 mm, 4-veined, apically 3-denticulate, obtuse. Disk florets many; corolla yellow, ca. 8 mm, with ca. 4 mm tube and funnelform limb; lobes ovate-lanceolate, ca. 1.2 mm, apically acute, papillose. Anthers ca. 2.2 mm, basally obtuse, appendages ovate-lanceolate. Style branches ca. 1 mm. Achenes cylindric, ca. 2.5 mm, densely hirsute. Pappus white, ca. 6 mm. Fl. Feb-Aug.

Grassy and stony slopes and meadows; 200-2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Far East)].

Vibe (in Krasnoborov, Fl. Sibir. 13: 155-156. 1997) recorded Tephroseris integrifolia (Linnaeus) Holub for China; however, we have seen no specimens. Tephroseris kirilowii might prove not to be specifically distinct from T. integrifolia.


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