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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Celastraceae | Celastrus

21. Celastrus stylosus Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 401. 1824.

显柱南蛇藤 xian zhu nan she teng

Twining shrubs, 3-5 m tall; branchlets generally glabrous, rarely setaceous; winter buds small, ovate-globose, ca. 2 mm wide. Petiole 1-1.8 cm; leaf blade rectangular-elliptic, rarely rectangular-obovate, 6.5-12.5 × 3-6.5 cm, abaxially pubescent along veins, glabrous later, adaxially slightly green or light brown when dry, often membranous during flowering and leathery in fruit, base cuneate, widely cuneate to obtuse-orbicular, margin obtusely serrate, apex shortly acuminate to acute; secondary veins (4 or)5-7 pairs. Cymes axillary and lateral, 3-7-flowered; rachis 7-20 mm; pedicels 5-7 mm, with very short yellowish white setae, jointed below middle. Sepals subovate or subelliptic, 1-2 mm, margin slightly erose; petals rectangular-obovate, 3.5-4 × ca. 2 mm, margin erose. Disk shallowly cupuliform, lobe semicircular or approximately obtuse-triangular. Stamens slightly shorter than corolla; filament glabrous or papillate proximally; staminodes in female flowers ca. 1 mm. Pistils ampullaceous, ca. 3 mm, degenerate in male flowers; stigma revolute. Capsule globose, 6.5-8 mm wide; fructiferous stipe and fruit stipe glabrous, often with elliptic lenticels. Seeds adaxially flat, slightly crescentiform, 4.5-5.5 × 1.5-2 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. Aug-Oct.

Forests, mountain slopes; 300-2500 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand].

1 Petiole glabrous, veins of leaf blade somewhat sparsely pubescent abaxially.   21a var. stylosus
+ Petiole pubescent, veins of leaf blade with dense short setae.   21b var. puberulus

Lower Taxa


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