5. Euonymus frigidus Wallich in Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 409. 1824.
冷地卫矛 leng di wei mao
Euonymus amygdalifolius Franchet; E. assamicus Blakelock; E. austrotibetanus Y. R. Li; E. burmanicus Merrill; E. crinitus Pampanini; E. dasydictyon Loesener & Rehder; E. frigidus f. elongatus (Cowan & A. H. Cowan) H. Hara; E. frigidus var. elongatus Cowan & A. H. Cowan; E. frigidus var. wardii (W. W. Smith) Blakelock; E. porphyreus Loesener; E. porphyreus var. angustifolius L. C. Wang & X. G. Sun; E. porphyreus var. ellipticus Blakelock; E. pygmaeus W. W. Smith; E. roseoperulatus Loesener; E. taliensis Loesener; E. wardii W. W. Smith.
Deciduous shrubs to small trees, 3-7 m tall; branches and twigs moderately sturdy, striate, brown or gray-brown when dry. Petiole less than 1 cm; leaf blade thickly papery or thinly leathery, variously elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, 6-11 × 2-3.5 cm, widest at mid-blade, base subrotund, cuneate, or attenuate, margin finely crenulate, apex acuminate or acute; lateral veins 5-7 pairs, disappearing before reaching margin. Peduncle slender, 7-10 cm, 1 or 2 × dichotomously branched, several flowered; pedicel slender, 5-6 mm. Flowers 4-merous, less than 8 mm in diam.; sepals suborbicular, short; petals reddish to purple or brown, ovate, base cuneate. Ovary weakly angulate. Capsule green to brown, or yellow-brown when dry, nearly globose, ca. 1 cm in diam., with 4 short and obtuse wings, less than ca. 6 mm when fully developed. Aril bright red. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Aug-Nov.
Mixed forests, scrub; 500-4000 m. ?Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, ?Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal].
The gathering H. L. Tsiang 37838 from Sichuan was found to have 3- and 4-merous flowers co-existing on the same plant. The only other such occurrence is in Euonymus sachalinensis. The distribution reports from Gansu and Shanxi have not been confirmed.