10. Scleria parvula Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 174. 1855.
小型珍珠茅 xiao xing zhen zhu mao
Scleria fenestrata Franchet & Savatier; S. tessellata C. B. Clarke (1903), not Willdenow (1805).
Annuals. Roots fibrous. Rhizomes short or not well developed, thick. Culms tufted, 40-60 cm tall, slender, 3-angled, smooth, glabrous. Leaves cauline; sheaths at culm base glabrous, barely winged, bladeless or with a short blade; sheaths at middle and apical part of culm narrowly winged, villous and more densely so near contraligules; contraligule semicircular, apex obtuse; leaf blade linear, 3.5-5.5 mm wide but apically attenuate, papery, both surfaces hairy or only on 2 lateral veins of abaxial surface, margins scabrous, apex slightly obtuse to acute. Involucral bracts leaflike, basalmost to 20 cm, sheathing, opening of sheath with dense brown pubescence; bractlets setaceous, as long as or slightly longer than spikelet. Inflorescences paniculate, with 2-4 branches; branches 1.2-3 cm, distant, with few spikelets. Spikelets narrowly ovoid, 4-5 mm, mostly unisexual; female spikelets with 4 or 5 glumes and 1 female flower; male spikelets with 7-9 or more glumes. Glumes deeply straw-colored to brownish purplish, ovate to lanceolate, keeled, apex acute and apiculate. Perianth lobes acute at apex. Male flowers: stamens 2 or 3. Female flowers: ovary subspherical, glabrous. Disk yellowish white, 1/4-1/3 height of nutlet, slightly 3-lobed; lobes ovoid-triangular to subglobose, margin reflexed, apex acute. Nutlet subspherical to obovoid-spherical, 2.8-3 × 1.8-2 mm, pitted with regular longitudinally elongate lacunae, glabrous, apex with a yellowish white tip. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
Slopes, valleys, wastelands, paddy fields; 700-2700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, NE Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, N Thailand, Vietnam; tropical Africa].
Scleria parvula was misidentified as S. biflora by Tang and F. T. Wang (Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 208. 1961).