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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Euphorbiaceae | Aporosa

2. Aporosa dioica (Roxburgh) Müller Argoviensis in A. Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 472. 1866.

银柴 yin chai

Alnus dioica Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3: 580. 1832; Aporosa aurita (Tulasne) Miquel; A. chinensis (Champion ex Bentham) Merrill; A. leptostachya Bentham; A. microcalyx (Hasskarl) Hasskarl; A. microcalyx var. chinensis (Champion ex Bentham) Müller Argoviensis; A. microcalyx var. intermedia Pax & K. Hoffmann; A. roxburghii Baillon; Scepa aurita Tulasne; S. chinensis Champion ex Bentham; S. stipulacea Lindley; Tetractinostigma microcalyx Hasskarl.

Trees to 9 m tall, usually shrubby in secondary forest, ca. 2 m tall; branchlets hirtellous to glabrous. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 4-6 mm; petiole 5-12 mm, sparsely pubescent, apex bilateral with 2 glands; leaf blade elliptic, narrowly ovate, oblong-elliptic, obovate, or oblanceolate, 6-12 × 3.5-6 cm, leathery, glabrous and lucid adaxially, sparsely pubescent along nerves abaxially, base rounded or cuneate, margin entire or sparsely shallowly dentate, apex rounded to acute. Male flowers axillary in ca. 2.5 × 0.4 cm spikes; bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 1 mm, pubescent outside; sepals usually 4, oblong-ovate; stamens 2-4, longer than sepals. Female flowers: sepals 4-6, triangular, margins ciliate; ovary ovoid, densely pubescent, bilocular; ovules 2 per locule. Capsules ellipsoid, 1-1.3 cm, pubescent, 2-seeded. Seeds subovate, ca. 9 × 5.5 mm. Fl. and fr. almost throughout year.

Montane sparse forests or scrub; 200-1000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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