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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

96. Viola hederacea Labillardière, Pl. Nov. Holl. 1: 66. 1805.

常春藤叶堇菜 chang chun teng ye jin cai

Herbs perennial, stoloniferous. Stem erect, short. Leaves clustered; stipules linear-lanceolate, 1.5-8 mm, margin glandular-denticulate; petiole 0.5-6 cm, sometimes to 12 cm; leaf blade ovate, reniform, or suborbicular, glabrous or puberulous, base cuneate, truncate, or slightly cordate, margin entire to large repand or crenate. Flowers with scape to 10 cm high, glabrous or puberulous, bracteolate near middle. Flowers 3-10 mm in diam., sometimes to 15 mm, scentless or faintly scented. Sepals green, ovate to linear-lanceolate, 1.5-5 mm, glabrous or sparsely puberulous, basal appendages short. Petals white or pale to dark violet, 2-10 mm, anterior one shallowly saccate, spurless, lateral ones somewhat falcate, bearded inside or glabrous. Stamens to 2 mm; filaments 0-0.3 mm. Capsule ovoid, 4-6 mm. Seeds white, brown, or black, ovoid, 1.5-2 mm. Fl. Feb-Apr, fr. May-Sep.

Weed communities under trees and shrubs, grasslands, introduced. Hong Kong [native to Australia].


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