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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 10 | Fabaceae | Falcataria

1. Falcataria moluccana (Miquel) Barneby & J. W. Grimes, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74: 255. 1996.

南洋楹 nan yang ying

Albizia moluccana Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 26. 1855; Adenanthera falcataria Linnaeus; Albizia falcata (Linnaeus) Backer; A. falcataria (Linnaeus) Fosberg; Paraserianthes fal­cataria (Linnaeus) I. C. Nielsen.

Trees, large, to 45 m tall. Branchlets minutely pubescent with many tiny, pale lenticels. Stipules caducous, small; leaf rachis to 40 cm, usually with a large, oval, disk-shaped gland near base; pinnae 6-20 pairs, densely rusty tomentose, to 10 cm; leaflets 6-26 pairs, sessile, slightly falcate, obliquely ob­long, 1-1.5 cm × 3-6 mm, abaxially sparsely (densely so on veins) puberulent, adaxially glabrous, midvein at ca. 1/4 lamina width along distal margin, other basal veins conspicuous, base obtuse-rounded or nearly cuneate, apex acute. Spike solitary, axillary, or several arranged in a panicle. Flowers greenish yel­low to cream. Calyx broadly campanulate or hemispherical, ca. 2.5 mm, sericeous, with small teeth. Corolla 5-7 mm, serice­ous; lobes oblong-ovate, 2.4-4 mm. Stamens ca. 1 cm. Legume straight, strap-shaped, flat, 10-13 × 1.3-2.3 cm, late dehiscent through both sutures. Seeds 10-15, compressed ellipsoid, ca. 7 × 3 mm; testa brown, with narrow U-shaped pleurogram. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Sep-Dec. 2n = 26*.

Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [In­donesia (Maluku Islands), New Guinea (including New Britain); Pacific islands (Solomon Islands)].

This species is grown as an ornamental and is widely planted in tropical countries as a fast-growing timber tree.


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