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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 22 | Poaceae | Brachiaria

9. Brachiaria urochlooides S. L. Chen & Y. X. Jin, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22: 471. 1984. [“urocoides”].

尾稃臂形草 wei fu bi xing cao

Annual. Culms slender, decumbent and rooting at base, branching, 40–60 cm tall. Leaf sheaths glabrous or with tubercle-based hairs, ciliate along one margin; leaf blades linear-lanceolate, 5–9 × 0.3–0.5 cm, both surfaces with tubercle-based hairs, margins cartilaginous, scabrous, apex acute; ligule ciliate, hairs ca. 1 mm. Inflorescence axis 1–2.5 cm; racemes 2–4, 1.5–3 cm, secund, ascending; rachis scarcely winged, 0.5–0.6 mm wide, scabrous on edges; spikelets single or paired in the lower part. Spikelets lanceolate, 3.5–4 mm, without a stipe, subglabrous, abruptly acuminate; lower glume ovate, 1/2–3/5 spikelet length, clasping, 3–5-veined, acute; upper glume 5-veined, thinly pubescent near margins; upper lemma clearly shorter than spikelet, ca. 2.5 mm, rugulose, apex mucronate. Fl. and fr. May–Oct.

* Grassy places. S Yunnan.

This species resembles Urochloa in its mucronate upper lemma, but the lower glume is adaxial and characters of the leaf epidermis show it to be better placed in Brachiaria.


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