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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Thymelaeaceae | Eriosolena

1. Eriosolena composita (Linnaeus f.) Tieghem, Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 40: 68. 1893.

毛花瑞香 mao hua rui xiang

Scopolia composita Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 409. 1782; Daphne composita (Linnaeus f.) Gilg; D. involucrata Wallich; D. pendula Smith; Eriosolena composita var. szemaoensis Y. Y. Qian; E. involucrata (Wallich) Tieghem; E. montana Blume; E. pendula (Smith) Blume ex Lecomte.

Shrubs or trees, to 10 m tall. Branchlets erect, brown to grayish brown, striped when dried, slender, glabrous. Leaves alternate; petiole 2-5 mm, glabrous; leaf blade green, sometimes brownish adaxially, grayish green abaxially, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, (3.5-)5-14(-20) × (1.5-)1.8-3.5(-5) cm, both surfaces glabrous, base cuneate, apex acuminate; lateral veins 9-15 pairs, dense, slender, curved ascending, more conspicuous abaxially, reticulate veins dense. Inflorescences axillary, rarely paired, capitate, (4-)8-12-flowered; peduncle 1.4-4 cm, slender; involucral bracts 2-4, caducous during anthesis, adaxially pubescent. Flowers fragrant. Calyx pale yellow or white; tube ca. 12 mm, exterior densely sericeous; lobes 4, unequal, ovate, 2-4 × 1-1.5 mm. Stamens 8; filaments very short; anthers yellow, oblong, 1-1.5 mm. Disk scalelike, cup-shaped, ca. 2 mm wide, membranous, unequal laterally. Ovary ellipsoid, apex white hirsute; style short, densely white hirsute; stigma capitate, papillose. Drupe blackish violet or red, ovoid, 10-15 × ca. 5 mm. Fl. spring.

Forests, shrubby slopes; 1300-1800 m. SE to SW Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].


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