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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

45a. Viola chaerophylloides var. chaerophylloides

南山堇菜(原变种) nan shan jin cai (yuan bian zhong)

Viola pinnata Linnaeus var. chaerophylloides Regel, Pl. Radd. 1: 222. 1861; V. albida Palibin var. chaerophylloides (Regel) F. Maekawa; V. dentariifolia H. Boissieu; V. dissecta Ledebour var. chaerophylloides (Regel) Makino; V. napellifolia Nakai; V. sieboldiana var. chaerophylloides (Regel) Nakai.

Terminal lobes highly variable in shape and size, ovate-lanceolate, lanceolate, oblong, or linear-lanceolate, margin irregularly dentate or shallowly divided, apex obtuse or acute. Fl. Mar-May, fr. May-Sep. 2n = 24*.

Mixed forests, forest margins, shaded and moist places in stream valleys, thickets on sunny slopes, grassy slopes; below 2000 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, SE Russia].


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