79. Acer tataricum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1054. 1753.
鞑靼槭 da da qi
Shrubs or trees, 3-5 m tall, rarely to 15 m tall, andromonoecious. Bark gray, rough; lenticels ovate or rounded. Branchlets slender, glabrescent; winter buds small, scales imbricate, 5-10 pairs, villous along margin. Leaves deciduous; petiole 1-5 cm; leaf blade abaxially light green, adaxially dark green, suborbicular, ovate, or elliptic-oblong, 1.2-10 × 1-6 cm, papery or subleathery, abaxially glabrous, glabrescent when mature, or white pilose, adaxially glabrous, base truncate, subcordate, or rounded, deeply or shallowly 3- or 5-lobed, rarely undivided; lobes marginally irregularly incised-serrate, crenate-serrulate, or duplicately serrate-dentate, middle lobe acute, acuminate, or long acuminate at apex, lateral lobes usually acute. Inflorescence corymbose, 2-6 cm, pubescent or glabrous, several flowered. Pedicel slightly villous. Sepals 5, ovate, 1.5-2 mm, villous along margin. Petals 5, white or greenish, oblong-ovate. Stamens 8; filaments glabrous. Disk glabrous, extrastaminal. Ovary densely or sparsely villous; style glabrous. Fruit yellowish green; nutlets ca. 8 × 5 mm, villous when young, strongly veined; wing including nutlet 2.5-3.5 cm × 8-10 mm, wings spreading erectly or acutely, glabrous or pubescent and glandular pubescent when young. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 26.
Sparse forests, deciduous forests of valleys and slopes; 100-2200 m. Anhui, Gansu, N Guangdong, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, W Xinjiang, Zhejiang [Afghanistan, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia; SW Asia (Caucasus, Turkey), C and SE Europe (Austria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine)].
Three subspecies occur in China. Acer tataricum subsp. tataricum occurs in SW Asia (Caucasus, Turkey) and C and SE Europe (Austria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Ukraine).