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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Capparaceae | Crateva

2. Crateva trifoliata (Roxburgh) B. S. Sun in C. Y. Wu, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 32: 489. 1999.

钝叶鱼木 dun ye yu mu

Capparis trifoliata Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 2: 571. 1832; Crateva adansonii Candolle subsp. trifoliata (Roxburgh) Jacobs; C. erythrocarpa Gagnepain; C. roxburghii R. Brown var. erythrocarpa (Gagnepain) Gagnepain.

Trees or shrubs, 1.5-5(-8) m tall, deciduous ± at flowering time. Twigs drying to red brown, striped. Petiole reddish brown, 4-6.5 cm; petiolules 3-5.5 mm; leaflet blades elliptic to obovate, 6-8 × 3.5-4.5 cm, subleathery, concolorous or abaxially slightly paler, drying dull olive brown, midvein and secondary veins pale red, secondary veins 5 or 6[or 7] on each side of midvein, slender, and slightly raised on both surfaces, reticulate veins not obvious, apex blunt, obtuse, rounded, or seldom acuminate. Inflorescences (4-)10-20-flowered; axis 2.5-5 cm. Flowers open before or as leaves emerge. Pedicel drying orangish red, 3.5-6 cm, at an angle of less than 45° from midvein. Sepals 3-5 × 2-3 mm. Petals white, drying yellow, claw 4-8 mm, blade orbicular and 1-2 cm. Stamens 15-26, purple; filaments 2-3 cm; anthers ca. 2(-3) mm. Gynophore (2.4-)3-5 cm; ovary elliptic, ca. 3 × 2 mm. Fruit drying reddish purple to brown, globose to ellipsoid, 3.2-3.6 cm, smooth, slightly shiny. Seeds ca. 25 per fruit, brownish black, reniform, 5-6 mm, smooth. Fl. Mar-May, fr. (Jul-)Aug-Sep.

Broadleaf or bamboo forests on sandstone or limestone, seasides; near sea level to 300 m. Guangdong, Guangxi (Beihai, Nandan), Hainan, S Taiwan, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].


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