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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 7 | Magnoliaceae | Lirianthe

5. Lirianthe albosericea (Chun & C. H. Tsoong) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu, Fl. China. 7: 63. 2008.

绢毛木兰 juan mao mu lan

Basionym: Magnolia albosericea Chun & C. H. Tsoong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 117. 1964.

Trees, to 8 m tall. Bark grayish white, young part densely white sericeous. Stipular scar reaching apex of petiole. Petiole thick and strong; leaf blade elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or narrowly obovate-elliptic, 18-30(-40) × 6-9(-15) cm, abaxially glaucous and white villous, adaxially dark green, midvein sparsely long sericeous on both surfaces, secondary veins 15-20 on each side of midvein, base cuneate to narrowly cuneate, apex acuminate. Peduncle 1.5-2 cm, densely sericeous, with 3 bract scars. Flower buds ovoid, 4-5 cm. Tepals 9, white; tepals of outer whorl oblong, 4-4.6 cm, thinner, abaxially densely papillate, white sericeous near base; tepals of middle whorl 4-5 cm, abaxially white sericeous near base; tepals of inner 2 whorls obovate, thickly fleshy, base clawed; tepals of innermost whorl 3-4 cm. Stamens 0.9-1.2 cm; connective exserted and forming a mucro; anthers 6-8 mm, dehiscing introrsely. Carpels narrowly ellipsoid, 0.8-1.3 cm, abaxially with brown trichomes and inconspicuously papillate, shallow furrow reaching to apex in middle. Fruit dark brown, ellipsoid to obovoid, 4.5-8 cm; mature carpels narrowly ellipsoid, 2-2.5 cm, leathery, abaxially pale brown pubescent and papillate, apex with an outcurved 5-7 mm sharp beak. Seeds red, irregularly triangular, 7-10 × 7-10 mm, laterally flat, adaxially shallowly and narrowly furrowed, base cuneate, apex finely pitted. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 38*.

● Evergreen broad-leaved forests, slopes, ravines; 500-800 m. Hainan (Baoting, Diaoluo Shan).

This species is grown as an ornamental.


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