3. Galearis cyclochila (Franchet & Savatier) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 72. 1969.
卵唇盔花兰 luan chun kui hua lan
Habenaria cyclochila Franchet & Savatier, Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 516. 1879; Galeorchis cyclochilus (Franchet & Savatier) Nevski; Orchis cyclochila (Franchet & Savatier) Maximowicz.
Plants 9-19 cm tall. Rhizome fleshy. Stem slender, with 1 or 2 tubular, membranous sheaths at base, 1-leaved. Leaf green, broadly elliptic, broadly ovate, or suborbicular, 5-9 × 2.5-5 cm, thickly textured, base abruptly contracted into a conduplicate sheath, apex obtuse or obtuse-rounded. Inflorescence 5-12 cm, slender, ca. 1 mm in diam.; rachis branching at apex of scape, (1 or)2-flowered; floral bracts subopposite, oblong-lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1-2.5 cm, apex obtuse to subacute. Flowers spreading, pink, relatively large; ovary cylindric, 9-13 mm including pedicel, slender. Dorsal sepal erect, pink, broadly lanceolate to oblong-ovate, concave, 6-9 × 3-4 mm, 3-veined, apex acuminate; lateral sepals spreading, pink, ovate-lanceolate, oblique, 7-10 × 2.5-3 mm, 3-veined, apex acuminate. Petals erect, forming a hood with dorsal sepal, pale pink to white, narrowly oblong to linear-lanceolate, 6-9 × 1.2-2 mm, 1-veined, apex subobtuse; lip spreading, simple, ovate-orbicular, 7-10 × 4-6 mm, longer than petals, basally contracted into a claw, spurred, margin irregularly wavy-dentate, apex obtuse-rounded; disk pale pink, spotted with purple, papillose; spur pendulous, slightly curved forward, linear-cylindric, slender, 6-9 mm, almost as long as ovary, attenuate toward end, apex subacute. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug. 2n = 42.
Forests, scrub; 1000-2900 m. Heilongjiang, Jilin, NE Qinghai [Japan, Korea, Russia].