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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Eulophia

8a. Eulophia pulchra var. pulchra

美花美冠兰(原变种) mei hua mei guan lan (yuan bian zhong)

Limodorum pulchrum Thouars, Hist. Orchid. ad t. 43. 1822; Eulophia guamensis Ames; E. macrostachya Lindley; E. silvatica Schlechter; E. striata Rolfe; Eulophidium pulchrum (Thouars) Summerhayes; E. silvaticum (Schlechter) Summerhayes; Graphorkis macrostachya (Lindley) Kuntze; G. pulchra (Thouars) Kuntze; Lissochilus pulcher (Thouars) H. Perrier (1941), not Schlechter (1915); Oeceoclades pulchra (Thouars) P. J. Cribb & M. A. Clements.

Lip white with dull purple or red venation and blotches toward base and on lateral lobes. Sepals and petals suboblong-lanceolate, 10-15 × 3-5 mm; lip orbicular, 10-16 × 11-16 mm, spurred at base, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect and loosely embracing column, falcate, ovate, apex obtuse-rounded; mid-lobe oblate, to ca. 13 mm wide, apex deeply emarginate; disk with a pair of calli in front of mouth of spur; spur green, subglobose, ca. 3.5 mm, apex rounded. Column ca. 4 mm. Fl. Oct-Nov. 2n = 32.

Forests; 100-400 m. S Taiwan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; E Africa, Australia, Madagascar, Mascarene Islands, Pacific islands].


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