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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Cymbidium

2. Cymbidium mannii H. G. Reichenbach, Flora. 55: 274. 1872.

硬叶兰 ying ye lan

Cymbidium bicolor Lindley subsp. obtusum Du Puy & P. J. Cribb; C. flaccidum Schlechter.

Plants epiphytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs narrowly ovoid, slightly bilaterally flattened, 2.5-5 × 2-3 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves (4 or)5-7, lorate, 22-80 × 1-1.8 cm, thickly leathery, apex acute and unequally 2-lobed, sometimes emarginate; basal sheaths with black membranous margins 1-1.5 mm wide. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, pendulous or arching, 17-28 cm; rachis usually 10-20-flowered; floral bracts subtriangular, 1.5-4.5 mm. Flowers medium-sized, 3-4 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 10-15 mm; sepals and petals yellowish to whitish, with a central purplish red or maroon-brown longitudinal stripe 3-4 mm wide; lip white or cream-yellow, spotted, striped, or sometimes heavily tinged purple-red or purple-brown except at base and margins. Sepals spreading, narrowly oblong, 14-20 × 3-5 mm, apex obtuse to acute. Petals narrowly subelliptic, 12-17 × 3-4 mm, apex obtuse to subacute; lip subovate, 12-14 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, base slightly saccate, 3-lobed; lateral lobes shorter than or ca. as long as column and anther; mid-lobe recurved; disk minutely papillate or puberulent, with 2 longitudinal lamellae slightly inflated toward base and apex. Column slightly arcuate, 8-12 mm, base with a very short foot; pollinia 2. Capsule subellipsoid, 35-50 × 25-30 mm. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jul-Aug.

Trees in forests and thickets; 100-1600 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, SE and SW Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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