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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Cymbidium

33. Cymbidium haematodes Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 162. 1834.

秋墨兰 qiu mo lan

Cymbidium ensifolium (Linnaeus) Swartz subsp. haematodes (Lindley) Du Puy & P. J. Cribb; C. ensifolium var. haematodes (Lindley) Trimen; C. siamense Rolfe ex Downie; C. sinense (Jackson ex Andrews) Willdenow var. haematodes (Lindley) Z. J. Liu & S. C. Chen; C. sundaicum Schlechter; C. sundaicum var. estriatum Schlechter.

Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ca. 3 × 1.5 cm, enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 2-4(or 5), arching, 50-200 × 0.8-1.7 cm, usually lacking serrations along margin. Inflorescence usually held clear of and longer than leaves; rachis to 9-flowered; floral bracts to 20 mm. Flowers 3.5-4 cm in diam.; sepals and petals straw-yellow to light brown, with a strong central red-brown stripe, and several weaker stripes often only distinct toward base; mid-lobe of lip with transverse fine red spots. Sepals slightly obovate, 19-31 × 6-10 mm, apex subacute; lateral sepals pendulous, somewhat oblique. Petals ca. as broad as sepals or slightly narrower; lip not fused to basal margins of column, 3-lobed; lateral lobes narrowly subelliptic; mid-lobe triangular-elliptic, margin undulate, not kinked, apex rounded or obtuse; disk with 2 incurved ridges between lateral lobes. Column 13-18 mm. Fl. Sep-Oct, fr. Nov-Apr.

Forests; 500-1900 m. Hainan, SW Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Laos, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Thailand].


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