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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 25 | Orchidaceae | Cymbidium

37. Cymbidium qiubeiense K. M. Feng & H. Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 2: 334. 1980.

邱北冬蕙兰 qiu bei dong hui lan

Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ovoid, small, 1-1.5 × 0.6-0.9 cm, enclosed in green-purplish brown sheaths; Leaves 2 or 3, deep green, tinged dull purple, lorate, 30-80 × 0.5-1 cm, base contracted into a long petiole-like stalk, margin serrulate, apex acuminate; petiole-like stalk purplish black, hard and filiform, wiry, 10-20 cm, articulate. Inflorescence arising from near base of pseudobulb, erect, purple, 25-30 cm, laxly 5- or 6-flowered; floral bracts purple, lanceolate, 20-25 mm. Flowers fragrant; pedicel and ovary 25-35 mm; sepals and petals green, petals mottled dark purple at base; lip white, tinged red on lateral lobes and tinged green and spotted with purple on mid-lobe. Sepals linear-lanceolate, ca. 25 × 6 mm, 5-veined. Petals narrowly oblong-lanceolate, ca. 22 × 7 mm; lip elliptic-pandurate, ca. 20 × 10 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, obscurely 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect; mid-lobe recurved, suborbicular, 10-12 mm; disk with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip almost to base of mid-lobe. Column slightly arcuate, ca. 13 mm; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs. Fl. Oct-Dec.

● Forests; 700-1800 m. SW Guizhou, SE Yunnan.

Cymbidium ×purpuratum L. J. Chen, L. Q. Li & Z. J. Liu (J. S. China Agric. Univ. 28(2): 84. 2007) is a hybrid of C. qiubeiense and C. kanran; C. ×latifolium L. J. Chen, L. Q. Li & Z. J. Liu (loc. cit.: 85. 2007) is a hybrid of C. qiubeiense and C. lancifolium; and C. ×uniflorum L. J. Chen, L. Q. Li & Z. J. Liu (loc. cit.: 86. 2007), not T. K. Yen (1964), is a hybrid of C. qiubeiense and C. serratum.


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