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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Araceae | Arisaema

34. Arisaema brucei H. Li, R. Li & J. Murata
[sp. nov.]

贝氏南星 bei shi nan xing

Type: China. Yunnan: Gongshan, Gaoligong Shan, Dulong Jiang valley, between Xishaofang and Bapo, 2570 m, evergreen broad-leaved forest, 17 Jul 2002, H. Li, R. Li & Z. L. Dao 15020 (holotype, KUN; isotype, CAS).

Haec species Arisaemati asperato N. E. Brown similis, sed ab eo planta glabra, folii segmento intermedio elliptico, spathae lamina oblonga bruneaque ad apicem albido-reticulata differt.

Plants dioecious. Tuber subglobose, 1.8-2 cm in diam. Cataphylls not seen. Leaf solitary; petiole 24-30 cm, glabrous, proximal 5-7 cm sheathing into pseudostem; leaf blade 3-foliolate; leaflets subsessile, green with purple margins, glabrous, margins subcrenulate or crenate; terminal leaflet elliptic, ca. 11 × 4-6 cm, base cuneate, apex acuminate; lateral veins 12-15 per side, collective vein 0.5-1.5 mm from margin; lateral leaflets lanceolate, oblique, ca. 11 × 3.3-3.5 cm, base cuneate, apex long acuminate. Peduncle shorter than petioles, 12.5-16 cm. Spathe suberect, 12-13 cm; tube brown with whitish stripes, obconic, 4.5-5 × 1.7-2 cm, throat margins obliquely truncate, slightly recurved, not auriculate; limb slightly incurved, dark brown with whitish stripes, oblong, 7.5-8 × 2.4-3 cm, base not constricted, apex acuminate with white reticulate stripes. Spadix unisexual; male zone cylindric, 1.3-1.7 cm; synandria lax, stipitate; filaments 1.5-2 mm; anthers 2-4, dehiscing by horseshoe-shaped slits; appendix distally curved, cylindric, ca. 6 cm in total, proximal 2.5-3 cm suberect, ca. 3 mm in diam., abruptly swollen toward base, base conic, 4-5 mm in diam., truncate, with stipe ca. 4.5 × 1.3 mm, apex attenuate, obtuse. Female spadix unknown. Fl. Jul.

● Evergreen broad-leaved forests slightly disturbed by roads; 2500-2600 m. NW Yunnan (Gongshan).

This species is named in honor of Dr. Bruce Bartholomew of the California Academy of Sciences, U.S.A., a senior researcher of the biodiversity of the Gaoligong Shan in W Yunnan, where he has collected extensively almost every year since 1998.


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