All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 23 Page 150 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Arecaceae | Caryota

3. Caryota maxima Blume ex Martius, Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 195. 1838.

鱼尾葵 yu wei kui

Caryota aequatorialis (Beccari) Ridley; C. bacsonensis Magalon; C. furfuracea Blume var. caudata Blume; C. furfuracea var. furcata Blume; C. macrantha Burret; C. obtusa Griffith var. aequatorialis Beccari; C. ochlandra Hance; C. rumphiana Martius var. javanica Beccari; C. rumphiana var. oxydonta Beccari; C. rumphiana var. philippinensis Beccari.

Stems solitary, to 30 m tall, 25-64 cm in diam., columnar. Leaves borne along upper half of stem; petioles 8-30 cm; rachis 2.7-4.2 m; primary pinnae to 27 per side of rachis, pendulous; secondary pinnae 12-27 per side of secondary rachis, with deeply jagged margins. Inflorescences borne among leaves, to 3.5 m; rachillae 80-170, 1.5-2.1 m; male flowers to 15 mm; sepals ca. 5 mm; petals yellowish, 12-15 mm; stamens 80-100; female flowers to 10 mm; sepals ca. 5 mm; petals 6-8 mm. Fruits dull reddish or orange, globose, to 2.5 cm in diam., 1-seeded.

Lowland to montane rain forests or disturbed areas, often planted or naturalized; 200-1800 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra), Laos, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].

The palm heart is eaten; the stems are used to make implements; and the sheath fibers are used for tinder.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |