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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 23 | Arecaceae | Daemonorops

1. Daemonorops jenkinsiana (Griffith) Martius, Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 327. 1853.

黄藤 huang teng

Calamus jenkinsianus Griffith, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 81. 1845; C. margaritae Hance; C. nutantiflorus Griffith; Daemonorops jenkinsiana var. tenasserimica Beccari; D. margaritae (Hance) Beccari; D. margaritae var. palawanica Beccari; D. nutantiflora (Griffith) Martius; D. pierreana Beccari; D. schmidtiana Beccari; Palmijuncus jenkinsianus (Griffith) Kuntze; P. margaritae (Hance) Kuntze; P. nutantiflorus (Griffith) Kuntze.

Stems clustered, climbing or often forming thickets, to 25 m, to 6 cm in diam. Leaf sheaths yellowish green with gray, brown, or reddish black hairs, with scattered or rows of black, flattened, triangular spines to 4 cm, mixed with some needlelike spines; ocreas obscure; knees conspicuous; rachis to 3 m with 55-100 linear or lanceolate pinnae per side, these regularly arranged; middle pinnae 30-70 cm, 1.5-3.8 cm wide at mid-point, adaxial veins bristly, margins with smaller bristles; cirri to 2 m. Inflorescences to 0.8 m, erect; inflorescence bracts persistent, swollen, splitting lengthwise to reveal rachillae; male inflorescences branched to 4 orders, female to 2 orders. Fruits yellowish brown, globose to ellipsoid, to 2 × 2 cm, with grooved scales.

Lowland rain forests, often persisting in disturbed areas; below 1000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].

This species provides a cane used in furniture-making, and the leaves are used for thatching.


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