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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Rubiaceae | Morinda

27. Morinda villosa J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 3: 158. 1880.

须弥巴戟 xu mi ba ji

Woody lianas; branches surrounded at base by persistent leafless stipules, densely ferruginous- or yellow villous, weakly quadrangular. Leaves opposite; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm, shorter at upper nodes, densely ferruginous- or yellow hirtellous; blade drying papery, darkened, narrowly elliptic-oblong, obovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate, 8-12 × 2-6 cm, adaxially sparsely strigose or strigillose with pubescence denser along veins, abaxially densely ferruginous- or yellow hirtellous, base rounded, slightly oblique, or sometimes cordulate, apex caudate-acuminate or shortly acuminate; secondary veins 10-13 pairs, with pilosulous domatia; stipules interpetiolar or partially fused into a tube, ovate to elliptic, 7-12 mm, pilosulous or hirtellous, acute, obtuse, or truncate. Inflorescences terminal; peduncles 2-10, fasciculate or umbellate, 0.9-2.2 cm, villosulous, as a group subtended by 2 to several bracts 4-6 mm with 2 to several subulate lobes; heads 1 per peduncle, subglobose, 5-6 mm in diam., 4-10-flowered; bracteoles linear, 0.2-0.5 mm. Flowers with hypanthia partially fused, biology not noted. Calyx villous, strigillose, or hirtellous; limb ca. 1 mm, with 4 or 5 rounded to obtuse teeth. Corolla greenish white, salverform, outside puberulent; tube 10-12 mm, densely barbate in throat; lobes 4 or 5, narrowly oblong, 3-4 mm, apically rostrate. Drupecetum compressed globose to subglobose, 1-1.5 cm in diam. Drupes fused at base, orange, obovoid, ca. 5 mm. Fl. May, fr. Jul-Sep.

Forests or thickets in valleys, at watersides, or at roadsides; 800-900 m. S Yunnan [N India, Thailand, Vietnam].


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