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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Berberidaceae | Sinopodophyllum

1. Sinopodophyllum hexandrum (Royle) T. S. Ying in C. Y. Wu, Fl. Xizang. 2: 119. 1985.

桃儿七 tao er qi

Podophyllum hexandrum Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: 64. 1834; P. emodi Falconer ex Royle; P. emodi var. chinense Sprague; Sinopodophyllum emodi (Falconer ex Royle) T. S. Ying.

Plants 20-50 cm tall. Stems solitary, angulate, glabrous. Leaf petiole 10-25 cm; leaf blade orbicular, not peltate, 11-20 × 18-30 cm, thinly papery, abaxially pubescent, adaxially glabrous, base cordate, 3-5-dissected to ca. midway or more, often partitions 2- or 3-lobed, apex of lobes acute or acuminate, margin entire or coarsely dentate, teeth apiculate. Petals obovate or obovate-oblong, 2.5-3.5 × 1.5-1.8 cm, apex slightly sinuolate. Stamens ca. 1.5 cm; filaments slightly shorter than anthers, 4-6 mm; anthers linear, 5-7 × 1.2-1.9 mm, apex rounded, obtuse; anther connective not prolonged. Pistils ca. 1.2 cm; ovary with parietal placentation; style short, 1-3 mm. Berry red, ovoid-globose, 4-7 × 2.5-4 cm, fleshy. Seeds maroon, ovoid-triangular. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep.

Forests, thickets, wet forest margins, weedy places, meadows; 2200-4300 m. Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan [E Afghanistan, Bhutan, N India, Kashmir, Nepal, Pakistan].


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