4. Rhaponticum chinense (S. Moore) L. Martins & Hidalgo, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152: 461. 2006.
华漏芦 hua lou lu
Herbs 60-120 cm tall. Stems erect, branched or rarely unbranched, sparsely arachnoid, glabrescent, or glabrous. Leaf blade of middle stem leaves ovate, lanceolate, or narrowly lanceolate, 6-15 × 0.9-7.5 cm, scabrid, setiferous and minutely brownish yellow gland-dotted, margin dentate, denticulate, or serrate, apex acute to attenuate-acuminate. Middle stem leaves petiolate; petiole 0.5-2.5(-4.5) cm. Upper leaves sessile or subsessile, similar to middle stem leaves, decreasing in size upward. Peduncle inflated below capitula. Involucre bowl-shaped, 1.5-3 cm in diam. Phyllaries in 6 or 7 rows, tinged purple, margin narrow and scarious, apex rounded to obtuse; outer phyllaries ovate to elliptic, 5-13 × 3-5 mm; inner and innermost phyllaries elliptic to linear-elliptic, 2-2.6 × 0.2-0.5 cm. Corolla 1.8-3 cm. Achene dark brown, narrowly ellipsoid, 5-8 mm, without an apical rim. Pappus elements brown, longest 1-1.6 cm, scabrid. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
● Grasslands on slopes, forest margins, forests, thickets, thicket margins; 300-1400 m. W Anhui, Fujian, SE Gansu, N and NE Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, S Zhejiang.