8b. Klasea centauroides subsp. polycephala (Iljin) L. Martins, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152: 457. 2006.
多花麻花头 duo hua ma hua tou
Serratula polycephala Iljin, Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 27: 90. 1928; Klasea polycephala (Iljin) Kitagawa.
Herbs 30-80 cm tall. Rhizomes stout. Stem branched in upper part. Petiole of basal and lower stem leaves 1.5-4 cm; leaf blade oblanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, or elliptic in outline, 5-15 × 2.5-5 cm, pinnatipartite or pinnatilobate; lateral lobes 5-9 pairs, broadly elliptic, triangular, or narrowly elliptic, margin entire or toothed, apex acute to acuminate. Middle and upper stem leaves sessile, pinnatipartite; lateral lobes usually at right angle or nearly so, narrowly elliptic to broadly linear, margin entire or few toothed, apex acute. Uppermost leaves linear to subulate or with 1-3 pairs of lateral segments. Capitula (3-)10-60, corymbose. Involucre narrowly ovoid, 6-12 mm in diam. Phyllaries imbricate, in 6-8 rows; outer and middle phyllaries greenish with darker tip, ovate, ovate-triangular, or elliptic-lanceolate, 3-11 × 2-3 mm, acute and with 0.2-0.8 mm apical spinule; inner phyllaries linear, ca. 16 × 1-2 mm, transitioning into appendage; appendage straw-colored or purple-tinged, slightly bent outward or almost straight, linear to linear-lanceolate, with slightly revolute or plane margins. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep.
● Mountain slopes, roadsides, farmlands; 600-2000 m. Hebei, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi.