8e. Klasea centauroides subsp. cupuliformis (Nakai & Kitagawa) L. Martins, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152: 457. 2006.
钟苞麻花头 zhong bao ma hua tou
Serratula cupuliformis Nakai & Kitagawa, Rep. Exped. Manchoukuo Sect. IV, 1: 66. 1934; Klasea cupuliformis (Nakai & Kitagawa) Kitagawa.
Herbs 40-100 cm tall. Rhizome robust. Stem unbranched or sparingly branched in upper part. Petiole of basal and lower stem leaves 1-6 cm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic, oblanceolate, or elliptic, 8-20 × 2-7 cm, base attenuate, margin coarsely toothed to biserrate, apex acuminate. Middle stem leaves lyrately pinnatilobed or undivided. Upper stem leaves similar to lower and middle stem leaves, oblanceolate, or linear, smaller than other leaves. Peduncles 2-24 cm. Capitula usually 1, rarely to 4 in robust individuals. Involucre hemispheric to ovoid, (1.3-)1.8-2.5 cm in diam., constricted. Phyllaries in 7 or 8 rows; outer and middle phyllaries yellowish, blackish green striate toward apex, dark purple at margin, ovate to lanceolate, 2.5-9 × 2-3.5 mm, leathery, apex acute and with a 0.3-1 mm apical spinule; inner phyllaries lanceolate, linear-lanceolate, or narrowly linear, 9-11 × 1.5-3 mm, transitioning into appendage; appendage straw-colored, linear to linear-lanceolate, bent outward, margin slightly revolute. Fl. and fr. Jul-Oct.
● Grasslands on mountain slopes, open forests; 900-2400 m. Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shanxi.