3. Cicerbita auriculiformis (C. Shih) N. Kilian, Fl. China. 20-21: 215. 2011.
抱茎岩参 bao jing yan shen
Basionym: Stenoseris auriculiformis C. Shih, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 195. 1995; Chaetoseris qiliangshanensis S. W. Liu & T. N. Ho.
Herbs 45-80 cm tall, perennial. Stem solitary, erect, branched apically, glabrous. Lower stem leaves with petiole 6-11 cm, narrowly winged, ± clasping; leaf blade narrowly ovate, not divided or lyrately or non-lyrately pinnatisect; lateral lobes if present 1 or 2 pairs, obliquely ovate to oblong, recurved; terminal lobe 6.5-8.5 × 3.5-4.5 cm, base cordate, margin entire or shallowly sinuate-dentate, apex acute to obtuse. Middle and upper stem leaves similar to lower leaves but with broadly winged, sagittately to auriculately clasping petiole-like basal portion or sessile; lateral lobes 2-4 pairs, ca. 3 × 0.7-1 cm; terminal lobe triangular-hastate to lanceolate. Synflorescence paniculiform, with numerous capitula. Capitula with ca. 5 florets. Involucre narrowly cylindric, 7-9 × ca. 2 mm. Phyllaries green, glabrous; outer phyllaries triangular-ovate to linear-lanceolate, longest ca. 1/2 as long as inner phyllaries; inner phyllaries 5. Florets bluish purple. Achene ca. 4 mm; body ellipsoid, compressed, with broad lateral ribs; beak ca. 1 mm and thick. Pappus double, outer hairs 0.1-0.2 mm, bristles ca. 5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jul-Aug.
● Mountain slopes, along rivers, forests; 2000-2300 m. Gansu (Yuzhong), W Nei Mongol, Qinghai.
Cicerbita auriculiformis is closely related to C. roborowskii, although well distinct by its smaller capitula with only 5 inner phyllaries. This relationship was clearly expressed by S. W. Liu and T. N. Ho (Fl. Qinghai. 3: 512. 1996) when publishing it under the name Chaetoseris qiliangshanensis. However, the species had been known before, but it was, for its small capitula, misplaced in Stenoseris as S. auriculiformis (e.g., FRPS 80(1): 286. 1997).