2. Pilosella echioides (Lumnitzer) F. W. Schultz & Schultz Bipontinus, Flora. 45: 431. 1862.
刚毛细毛菊 gang mao xi mao ju
Hieracium echioides Lumnitzer, Fl. Poson. 348. 1791; H. echioides subsp. asiaticum Nägeli & Peter; Pilosella asiatica (Nägeli & Peter) Schljakov.
Herbs, perennial, 25-100 cm tall, with short rhizomes. Stem solitary to few fascicled, erect, branched apically, basally densely covered with appressed or upward-curved brown long bristles, apically bristles sparser and stellate hairs dense, under capitulum densely white pubescent. Basal leaves withered at anthesis. Lower stem leaves shortly petiolate; leaf blade lanceolate, linear-lanceolate, or narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 4-16 × 0.5-2 cm, densely hirsute and stellate, base attenuate, apex acute to obtuse. Upper stem leaves sessile, lanceolate, gradually smaller, densely hirsute and stellate. Synflorescence corymbiform, with few to many capitula. Involucre ovoid to hemispheric, 6-9 mm. Phyllaries in 3 rows, brownish gray, abaxially densely pubescent and with or without sparse capitate stipitate glandular hairs; outer phyllaries ovate-lanceolate, 3-5 mm, apex acuminate; inner phyllaries narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, apex acuminate. Florets yellow. Achene brown, narrowly cylindric, ca. 2.2 mm, with 10 ribs. Pappus dirty white, 4-5 mm. Fl. and fr. Jun-Sep. 2n = 18, 27, 36.
Desert steppes, dry valleys; ca. 2000 m. Xinjiang [Kazakhstan; C and E Europe].