2. Syneilesis australis Y. Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping. 5: 5. 1937.
南方兔儿伞 nan fang tu er san
Herbs, erect, to 1 m tall. Rhizomes robust, with many fascicled roots. Stem solitary, stiff, sulcate, base villous, glabrate, ca. 5 mm in diam. Median leaves laxly arranged; lower stem leaves long petiolate; petiole 3-8 cm, basally subamplexicaul; blade abaxially gray-green, adaxially green, orbicular, 30-40 cm in diam., submembranous, base broadly peltate (ca. 2 cm), palmately parted; segments oblong-lanceolate, lower segment sometimes entire, other segments lobed or linear-lanceolate, 2-3 cm wide, abaxially shortly pubescent, glabrate, adaxially glabrous, palmately veined, veins raised, distinctly reticulate, margin sparsely serrate, teeth mucronulate, apex acute, rarely 2-fid. Upper leaves shortly petiolate, palmately parted or 2-lobed. Uppermost leaves bractlike, linear-lanceolate, ca. 5 cm, sparsely serrate. Capitula discoid, many, arranged in terminal compound corymbs; branches spreading, 2-3 cm, rarely to 8 cm, sparsely pubescent; peduncles ca. 6 mm, with 3 or 4 linear-lanceolate bractlets. Involucres cylindric; phyllaries 5, oblong-lanceolate, ca. 10 × 2-3.5 mm, apex sparsely villous. Florets 10, all tubular, fertile; corolla 9-10 mm; limb campanulate, ca. 7 mm, lobes lanceolate, ca. 2 mm, apex puberulent. Anthers exserted from corolla, basally hastate. Style branches excurved, apically penicillate-puberulent. Achenes cylindric, 4-5 mm, glabrous, ribbed. Pappus of many bristles, white or reddish. Fl. Feb-Aug, fr. Oct.
● Forest margins on slopes, roadsides; 700-900 m. Anhui, Zhejiang.
Syneilesis australis is distinguished from S. aconitifolia by its larger, submembranous, basally broadly peltate leaves, with broader segments, and synflorescence branches spreading.