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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Synotis

1. Synotis cavaleriei (H. Léveillé) C. Jeffrey & Y. L. Chen, Kew Bull. 39: 291. 1984.

昆明合耳菊 kun ming he er ju

Senecio cavaleriei H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 537. 1913.

Herbs, erect, rhizomatous, vegetatively subacaulescent. Rhizome short, swollen, irregularly tuberous, woody. Vegetative stem short, to 5 cm, densely fulvous lanate, especially around leaf bases. Flowering stems solitary or few, scapiform, leafless, branching from base or in upper part, 5-42 cm tall, finely fulvous tomentose, ± glabrescent. Leaves basal, subrosulate, subsessile or shortly petiolate; petiole 0.5-1 cm, sparsely to densely pubescent; blade obovate to oblanceolate or sometimes subpandurate, 4-20 × 2-8 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely finely arachnoid-pubescent, glabrescent and sometimes purple, adaxially sparsely setulose, pinnately veined, lateral veins 10-18, midvein prominent abaxially, base cuneate-attenuate, margin subentire to shallowly repand-dentate, apex sometimes shortly acuminate, obtuse. Capitula radiate, 1.5-2.5 cm in diam., few to numerous, arranged in often rather narrow and elongated compound corymbs; peduncles 1.5-5 cm, slender, basally bracteate, shortly ± tomentose, with 3-6 linear or linear-lanceolate, 5-12 mm, thinly pubescent bracteoles. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 5-7 × 3-6 mm, calyculate; bracts of calyculus 6-8, linear or linear-subulate; phyllaries 10-12, oblong, 1-2 mm wide, herbaceous, sometimes purplish, sparsely arachnoid-tomentose to subglabrous, margin scarious, apically acuminate and puberulent. Ray florets 8; corolla tube ca. 3 mm; lamina yellow, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 9-10 × 2.5-3 mm, 4- or 5-veined, apically obtuse, 3-denticulate. Disk florets ca. 20; corolla yellow, 7-7.5 mm, with ca. 2.5 mm tube and funnelform limb; lobes ovate-oblong, ca. 1.2 mm, apically acute. Anthers ca. 2.5 mm, anther tails ca. 0.75 × as long as to subequaling antheropodium; appendages ovate-oblong; antheropodium slightly dilated at base. Style branches ca. 1.2 mm, fringed with spreading papillae and with a prominent central tuft of long papillae. Achenes ca. 2.5 mm, glabrous. Pappus white, 7-7.5 mm. Fl. Oct-Nov.

● Rocky places, slopes, by streams and waterfalls; 1700-3000 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan.


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