4. Synotis fulvipes (Y. Ling) C. Jeffrey & Y. L. Chen, Kew Bull. 39: 294. 1984.
褐柄合耳菊 he bing he er ju
Senecio fulvipes Y. Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 5: 27. 1937; S. handelianus B. Nordenstam, nom. illeg. superfl.; S. hunanensis Handel-Mazzetti (Nov 1937), not Y. Ling (Jan 1937), nom. illeg. superfl.
Herbs, erect, rhizomatous, vegetatively subacaulescent; rhizome short, woody, somewhat swollen. Vegetative stem short, to 10 cm, fulvous tomentose, densely so around leaf base. Flowering stem solitary, ascending-erect, scapiform, few branched, densely fulvous tomentose, 17-22 cm tall. Leaves subbasal, subrosulate, subsessile, obovate-lanceolate, 6-13 × 2-5.5 cm, papery or subleathery, abaxially scattered setulose, adaxially finely sparsely arachnoid-tomentose and glabrescent, pinnately veined, lateral veins 8-10, arcuate-ascending, base cuneate-attenuate, margin rather remotely and coarsely mucronately sinuate-serrate or repand-dentate, apex obtusely acuminate-mucronate. Flowering stem leaves few, small, oblanceolate-spatulate, or reduced to narrow bracts. Capitula radiate, 1.5-2 cm in diam., terminal in 2- or 3-headed clusters, shortly pedunculate. Involucres campanulate, 8-10 × 5-8 mm, tomentose at base, calyculate; bracts of calyculus 10-12, linear or linear-lanceolate, subequal, ca. 1/2 as long as phyllaries; phyllaries 13-15, oblong-linear, 1-2 mm wide, herbaceous, sparely pubescent to glabrous, margin scarious, apically acute to acute-acuminate and puberulent. Ray florets 6-10; corolla tube 5-6 mm; lamina yellow, elliptic-oblong, 6-11 × 2.5-2.7 mm, 4-veined, apically obtuse, 3-denticulate. Disk florets many (ca. 30); corolla yellow, 9-11 mm, with ca. 3.5 mm tube and narrowly funnelform limb; lobes oblong-lanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm. Anthers ca. 4 mm; anther tails slightly exceeding antheropodia; appendages ovate-oblong; antheropodia gradually expanded toward base. Style branches ca. 1.5 mm, obtuse, fringed with numerous long fine papillae and with slender terminal tuft of somewhat longer papillae. Achenes (immature) ca. 2.5 mm, glabrous. Pappus white, 8-9 mm. Fl. Aug-Oct.
● Dense valley forests; ca. 1100 m. Hunan, Jiangxi.