6. Synotis austroyunnanensis C. Jeffrey & Y. L. Chen, Kew Bull. 39: 296. 1984.
滇南合耳菊 dian nan he er ju
Herbs, erect, rhizomatous. Rhizome woody, branching. Vegetative stem solitary, 17-45 cm, sparsely fulvous villous, glabrescent, leafless except at apex. Flowering stem solitary, erect, scapiform, 10-25 cm tall, few branched, fulvous tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves crowded in a rosette at base of flowering stems, shortly petiolate; petiole 1.5-2 cm, stout, sparsely ferruginous pubescent; blade oblanceolate-elliptic or obovate, 7-17 × 2-5 cm, papery or subleathery, abaxially sparsely pilose to subglabrous and sometimes purple, adaxially very sparsely setulose or glabrous, pinnately veined, lateral veins 10-14, arcuately ascending, inconspicuous, base cuneate-attenuate into petiole, margin remotely and often coarsely mucronately sinuate-serrate or repand-dentate, apex acute-acuminate and mucronate. Flowering stem leaves few, much smaller, elliptic or lanceolate; uppermost leaves narrow, bractlike. Capitula radiate, 2-7 in terminal corymbose clusters; peduncles 0.5-2.5 mm, densely fulvous villous, bracteate, with 2 or 3 linear or linear-lanceolate, 8-15 mm, apically acute, sparsely villous bracteoles. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 8-11 × 5-7 mm, calyculate; bracts of calyculus 8-11, linear, 1/3-1/2 as long as phyllaries, glabrous or sparsely villous, apically acute; phyllaries ca. 10, pale green, oblong-linear, 1.5-3 mm wide, herbaceous, glabrous, 3-5-veined, margin broadly scarious, apically acute, puberulent. Ray florets 6-9; corolla tube ca. 6 mm; lamina yellow, elliptic-oblong, 8-10 × 2-2.5 mm, apically obtuse, 3-denticulate. Disk florets many; corolla yellow, 9-9.5 mm, with 3-5 mm tube and narrowly funnelform limb; lobes oblong-lanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm, apically acute. Anthers ca. 4 mm, anther tails ca. 1.25 × as long as antheropodium; appendages ovate-lanceolate, antheropodia stout, basally broadly dilated. Style branches ca. 2 mm, apically obtuse, fringed with long, rather fine papillae, central tuft only slightly longer than others. Achenes ca. 2 mm, glabrous. Pappus white, 8-9 mm. Fl. Oct-Nov.
● Mixed forests, thickets; 1000-1700 m. Guizhou, S Yunnan.