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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Synotis

36. Synotis saluenensis (Diels) C. Jeffrey & Y. L. Chen, Kew Bull. 39: 330. 1984.

腺毛合耳菊 xian mao he er ju

Senecio saluenensis Diels, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 193. 1912.

Subshrubs or shrubby herbs, scrambling, to 3 m tall. Stems branching in synflorescence, densely glandular fulvous pubescent, glabrescent. Leaves shortly petiolate; petiole 6-10 mm, pubescent, basally not auriculate; blade elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 10-22 × 4.5-6.5 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely to densely glandular fulvous pubescent especially on veins, adaxially glabrous or nearly so, pinnately veined, lateral veins 10-14, arcuate-ascending, prominent abaxially, base broadly cuneate to subrounded, margin finely to rather coarsely and irregularly mucronate-serrate, apex acuminate; leaves of synflorescence branches smaller. Capitula heterogamous, disciform, very numerous, arranged in lax to rather dense axillary and terminal rounded compound corymbs; peduncles to 5 mm, glandular fulvous pubescent, bracteate, few bracteolate; bracts and bracteoles linear or linear-subulate, 2-3 mm. Involucres narrowly campanulate, ca. 4 × 2-2.5 mm, calyculate; bracts of calyculus 4 or 5, minute; phyllaries 8, linear-lanceolate, 1-1.2 mm wide, herbaceous, sparsely glandular puberulent or subglabrous, margin narrowly to broadly scarious, apically acute or subacute and puberulent. Female florets 5; corolla yellow, filiform, ca. 3 mm, shorter than style, apically minutely 2- or 3-fid. Disk florets 5 or 6; corolla yellow, with ca. 2 mm tube and funnelform limb; lobes ovate-oblong, apically acute. Anthers ca. 2 mm; anther tails slightly longer than antheropodia; appendages ovate-lanceolate; antheropodia rather short and broad, basally slightly expanded. Style branches ca. 1.5 mm, fringed with short papillae, terminal tuft not distinctive. Achenes ca. 2.5 mm, glabrous. Pappus white, ca. 4 mm. Fl. Oct-Feb.

Forests, forest and thicket margins; 1000-3000 m. Xizang, Yunnan [Myanmar, Vietnam].

Synotis saluenensis is distinguished from S. triligulata in having leaves glandular pubescent abaxially and large disciform capitula with 8 phyllaries and 10 or 11 florets.


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