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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Aster

13. Aster shimadae (Kitamura) Nemoto, Fl. Jap. Suppl. 740. 1936.

毡毛马兰 zhan mao ma lan

Asteromoea shimadae Kitamura, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 2: 37. 1933 ["Shimadai"]; Aster indicus Linnaeus var. lautureanus (Yamamoto) Yamamoto; Asteromoea indica (Linnaeus) Blume var. lautureana Yamamoto; Kalimeris shimadae (Kitamura) Kitamura.

Herbs, perennial, (30-)60-200 cm tall, rhizomatous. Stems erect, much branched, densely hispidulous. Leaves thick, densely velutinous, adaxial veins densely hispidulous, margin densely hispidulous-ciliate, 3-veined; lower cauline leaves withered by anthesis; middle cauline leaves subsessile, obovate, oblanceolate, or elliptic, 2.5-4 × 1.2-2 cm, base gradually attenuate, margin shallowly 1- or 2-toothed or entire; upper leaves gradually smaller, oblanceolate or linear. Capitula 20-85 in loose corymbiform synflorescences, 2-2.5 cm in diam. Involucres hemispheric, 6-7 × 8-10 mm; phyllaries 3-seriate, unequal, abaxially densely hairy; outer phyllaries narrowly oblong, 2-3 mm; inner phyllaries oblanceolate-oblong, ca. 5 mm, margin scarious, ciliate, apex leaflike. Ray florets ca. 10, purplish, tube ca. 1.5 mm, hairy, lamina 11-12 × 2-3 mm; disk florets 4-4.5 mm, tube ca. 1.5 mm, hairy. Achenes gray-brown, obovoid, compressed, 2.5-2.7 mm, strigillose, 2-ribbed. Pappus scaly, ferruginous, ca. 0.3 mm, persistent. Fl. and fr. Jun-Nov.

● Forest margins, grassy slopes, dry stony areas, riverbanks; sea level to 2800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang.


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