20. Aster asagrayi Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 22: 157. 1908.
华南狗娃花 hua nan gou wa hua
Kalimeris ciliata A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6: 394. 1858; Aster ciliosus (Turczaninow) Handel-Mazzetti (1937), not Kitamura (1934); Heteropappus ciliosus (Turczaninow) Y. Ling; K. ciliosa Turczaninow.
Herbs, perennial, 15-35 cm tall, taprooted. Stems ascending or decumbent, few branched in upper part, sterile stems short, sparsely to moderately strigose or glabrate, sometimes minutely short-stipitate glandular. Leaves sessile, glabrous or adaxial veins sparsely strigose, eglandular, margin entire, strigose-ciliate, midvein abaxially slightly prominent; lower cauline leaves withered by anthesis; middle leaves narrowly oblanceolate to oblanceolate or spatulate-oblong, 1.5-2.5 × 0.15-0.4 cm, base gradually attenuate, apex rounded; upper leaves smaller, similar to phyllaries, sparsely scabrous; leaves of sterile stems spatulate, 1-1.5 × 0.3-0.4 cm. Capitula solitary at ends of branches or sometimes in corymbiform synflorescences, 2-2.5 cm in diam. Involucres hemispheric, 0.8-1.2 cm in diam.; phyllaries green, 2-seriate, equal or outer phyllaries shorter, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 4-5 × 0.5-0.7 mm, abaxially scabrous, margin herbaceous or narrowly (rarely broadly) scarious, erose, scabrous-ciliate, apex acuminate. Ray florets 1-seriate, 15-20, white or pink, tube 2-2.5 mm, sparsely hairy, lamina 8-10.1 × 0.8-1.2 mm; disk florets yellow, 3.3-4 mm, tube 1-1.7 mm, sparsely hairy, limb campanulate, lobes unequal, 1 deep, 0.7-1.2 mm, hairy. Achenes brownish, obovate, flattened, 2-2.7 mm, scabrous, apically glandular, 2-ribbed. Pappus ca. 2-seriate, reddish or reddish brown, of unequal bristles 2.5-3.3 mm, acute. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 18.
Sandy areas by seasides, sandy meadows, grasslands by riversides; sea level to 100 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan [Japan].