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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 13 | Violaceae | Viola

4. Viola subg. Melanium (Gingins) Petermann, Deutschl. Fl. 65. 1846.

美丽堇菜亚属 mei li jin cai ya shu

Viola sect. Melanium Gingins, Mem. Fam. Viol. 1. 1823.

Plant with aerial stem (in China plants). Stipules free, large, often leaflike, deeply lobed. Style globose and not beaked at apex; stigmas on front side of style incrassation. Anterior petal broadly cuneate, spurred.

Between 80 and 100 species: N Africa, Asia, Europe, occasionally in North and South America; three species (two introduced) in China.

1 Stem shorter, usually 1-flowered; leaf blade orbicular-ovate or oblong-ovate, leaves usually clustered.   93 V. altaica
+ Stem longer, usually many flowered; blade of upper leaves oblong-lanceolate, leaves usually scattered, alternate   (2)
2 (1) Corolla flat; petals variously marked with yellow, white, or purple, ca. 3 × as long as sepals; blade of lower and median leaves basally rounded or cordate.   94 V. tricolor
+ Corolla funnel-shaped; petals ivory or pale yellow, shorter to slightly longer than sepals; blade of lower and median leaves basally cuneate.   95 V. arvensis

Lower Taxa


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