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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

69. Ficus simplicissima Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 667. 1790.

极简榕 ji jian rong

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs, 1-2.5 m tall, stems not or only occasionally branched. Branchlets cylindric, rugose when dry; with sparse short thick barbed hairs. Stipules lanceolate, 1-2 cm, with sparse short barbed hairs. Leaves palmately divided; petiole cylindric, 1-5 cm, densely covered with short thick barbed hairs, adaxially sulcate; leaf blade obovate to oblong, 5-16 cm, margin entire or shallowly serrate; basal lateral veins 2-4, secondary veins 3-6 on each side of midvein. Figs axillary or clustered on older leafless branches, paired, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., sparsely covered with short barbed hairs, sessile; involucral bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 1 mm. Male flowers: near apical pore, calyx lobes 4, red, obovate-lanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm; stamens 2; filaments very short; anthers ellipsoid, ca. 1 mm, apex mucronate. Gall flowers: pedicel ca. 1.5 mm; calyx lobes 4, obovate-lanceolate, apex obtuse; ovary ± globose; style lateral, short, funnelform. Female flowers: calyx lobes 4; ovary pear-shaped. Achenes ± globose.

The barbed hairs are a characteristic of this species.

Sparse forests, sunny places. Hainan [Cambodia, Vietnam].


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