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Chinese Plant Names | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

Ficus variolosa Lindl.


Description from Flora of China

Ficus langbianensis Gagnepain, p.p. (Chavalier 30696).

Shrubs or trees, 3-10 m tall. Bark grayish brown, smooth. Branchlet internodes short. Stipules narrowly triangular, ca. 8 mm. Petiole 6-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 5-12 × 1.5-4 cm, ± leathery, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse to blunt; basal lateral veins 2, short, secondary veins 7-11(-15) on each side of midvein and at almost 90° to midvein. Figs axillary on normal leafy shoots, paired or solitary, globose, 1-1.2 cm in diam., tuberculate, apical pore navel-like, convex; peduncle 0.8-1.2 cm; involucral bracts ovate-triangular, base slightly connate. Male flowers: near apical pore. Gall flowers: ovary globose; style lateral, short. Female flowers: calyx lobes 3 or 4; ovary reniform; style lateral, long, thin. Achenes tuberculate. Fl. Dec-Jun.

This species needs careful comparison with Ficus biglandulosa Wallich ex Steudel (1840).

The stems, leaves, and roots are used medicinally and the fibers are used for making cloth.

Forests, wet areas. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, Vietnam].


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